FINGERNAIL
DISORDERS:

Onycholysis is the detachment of the fingernail from the nail bed.

Onycholysis usually starts at the distal part and is featured with a discoloration of the nail plate.

Onycholysis

 

What is onycholysis?

Onycholysis concerns the (painless) loosening of the nail plate from the nail bed. This nail condition is usually featured with a changing color in the distal part of fingernail – often turning whitish (white nails) or yellowish (yellow nails), reflecting the presence of air under the fingernail plate.

What causes onycholysis?

Onycholysis is often a harmless nail condition caused by a nail trauma/injury – in general you can reduce the risk for having this nail condition by keeping your nails short (and dry)!

Less common causes of onycholysis are:

Skin conditions, such as psoriasis or lichen planus;
Medical conditions, such as thyroid dysfunction;
Fungal infections;
Side-effects of medication;
Adverse effects of chemicals, such as nail polish remover;
Prolonged immersion in water.

What is the treatment for onycholysis?

The treatment for onlycholysis is simple when caused by a nail trauma/injury: trim the nail short, do not clean under the nail, and be patient. It generally takes 2 to 3 months to clear up.

In other cases you must try to ‘tackle’ the cause.

THE TREATMENT OF THIS FINGERNAIL DISORDER:
Onycholysis – also known as a ‘loosening nail plate’

PHOTO – An example of ‘onycholysis’ featured with various colors:

Onycholysis - loosening of fingernails.

SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING:
Find the cause of your nail problem in 3 steps!
Common disorders in the fingernail & toe nail!
Koilonychia – causes + treatment of the ‘spoon nail’
Leukonychia – having ‘white spots’ on your fingernails (white nails)


FINGERNAIL
DISORDERS:

Leukonychia is better known as a 'white spots on fingernails'.

Leukonychia is sometimes described as 'white nails'.

Leukonychia

 

What is leukonychia?

Leukonychia is a medical term for white discoloration appearing on nails. The word ‘leukonychia‘ is derived from the Greek words ‘Leuko’ (white) and ‘Onyx’ (nail).

What causes leukonychia?

The most common cause is an injury to the nail root (matrix) where the nail is formed – due to for example: excessive ‘nail tapping’ or slamming in a car door.

There are 2 types of leukonychia:

true leukonychia: small white spots (this is the most common variant);
transverse leukonychia (‘leukonychia striata’): discoloration of the nail in bands or ‘stria’ (also seen in cirrhosis and chemotherapy).

One must also be aware that ‘leukonychia’ in the hands of children (usually not caused by a medical problem).

MORE ABOUT THIS FINGERNAIL DISORDER:
Leukonychia – also known as a ‘white spotted nails’

PHOTO – An example of ‘white spotted nails’ (leukonychia):

White spotted nails (leukonychia)

SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER READING:
Common disorders in the fingernail & toe nail!
News about fingernails!
What is ‘fingernail pitting’?
Koilonychia is better known as the ‘spoon nail’